Structural engineering is a subdivision of civil engineering where in structural engineers are trained to understand, predict and calculate the stability, Strength and rigidity of built structures for buildings and non-buildings structures. The role of the structure engineer is a very important key in the construction process. Structural engineering is concerned with the design and physical integrity of buildings and other large structures like tunnels and bridges. Structural engineering design utilizes a number of relatively simple structural elements to build complex structural systems. Structural engineering is founded on the principles of physics and mathematics.
Structural engineering is important because it directly impacts the safety and durability of buildings and structures. For example it is structural engineering that allows for an accurate estimation of safe weight maximum on bridges, a warehouse or facility can with stand or the magnitude of tremors a skyscraper can endure during an earthquake. Structural engineering is also tasked with ensuring that materials and resources are used efficiently. The principles of structural engineering are applicable to variety of mechanical structures. Structural engineering is also applied in medical sciences. Medical equipment are designed to aid in the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions. Structural engineering depends on the detailed knowledge of applied mechanics. Structural engineering depends on the knowledge of materials and their properites. Since 1990 specialist software has become available to aid in the design of structures. The construction business today has begun to depend on structural engineer. Some key ways that structural engineering affects projects include the design and analysis of the structure.
Design of the structure
Structures must be designed so that they can withstand their own weight as well as the loads and pressures that will be placed upon them. Structural engineers provide crucial information about Roof types, Foundations, Floors, Steel beams, Quality of the material and more a structure that does not consider structural engineering in its design will have the risk of collapsing under its own weight or under the environmental pressure.
Analysis of the structure
A thorough analysis of the structure according to the principles of structural engineering will ensure that the new structure or building is up to all necessary design codes. Careful analysis also yields information about the load structure can bear the wind velocity it can withstand and the overall capability and utility of the building.