Sustainable (structural) design refers to integration of social, environmental and economic considerations into product, process and energy system design. Sustainable engineering encourages the consideration of the complete product and process lifecycle during the design with the purpose of minimizing environmental impacts over the (structure) lifecycle while simultaneously maximizing social and economic benefits. Sustainable Design requires efficient planning & designing sustainable structures, for example, buildings & infrastructure, to maximize their contribution to the environment. This can be achieved in various ways some of which are by green architecture, performance-based structural design, energy systems, smart electrical grids, waste water treatment, renewable power generation etc. Aim should be to focus on materials in order to get an understanding of the effect it will have on life and environment.
LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) is a widely used green building rating system in the world. It is available for residential buildings, commercial buildings such as hospitals, schools, communities and even industrial buildings such as warehouses etc. It provides a framework to create healthy, efficient and cost-saving green buildings. LEED certification is a globally recognized symbol of sustainability achievement. LEED buildings save energy, water, resources, generate less waste and support human health. LEED buildings attract tenants, have less operational costs and enhance employee productivity and retention.